CFD Trading – A Beginner’s Guide

CFD is an acronym for Contract for Difference, which is a contract between a broker and a trader in relation to value change for assets over time.

Contract for Differences or CFDs present traders with a cheaper way of trading different assets like currencies, stocks, indices, and commodities without the need to raise a large capital to begin.

When trading CFDs, a trader does not have to own the underlying assets they want to trade since CFD trading uses leverage and margins to make a profit. This means that players can buy market positions with less capital since they do not have to own the asset.

If you are new to CFD trading, it is important to arm yourself with tips and tricks to make the most of your strategy.

This beginner’s guide will help you understand CFD trading.

How CFD trading works

In CFD trading, a trader makes money from predicting the likely pattern an asset’s value will take. As a trader, you only require a deposit, termed as trading margin, to trade.

Correctly predicting a trade’s outcome earns you the difference between the new asset value and initial buy price. On the other hand, making wrong prediction on the sale will require you to pay the difference.

The spread

This refers to the difference between the buying price and the selling price (offer and bid). The offer price is the amount required to buy in while the bid is the amount a trader can sell at, where the bid is the lower price of the two.

Trading options for CFDs

Some of the options available for trading in CFDs include equities, stocks, indices, currencies, and commodities, tradeable round the clock for five days a week.

Trading CFD shares

You can buy shares CFDs to benefit from shares trading without having to own them shares. You can short sell stocks by predicting share market price drops by a certain margin over the next 24 hours. you make money when the share market price falls as per your prediction.

Trading indices CFDs

CFD traders can buy indices for numerous global indices. indices track the performance of higher stock clusters. A good example of tradable indices is the US S&P500 index.

Trading commodities CFDs

Sometimes, a trader wants to benefit from exciting as price fluctuations in various commodities without having to own the actual commodity. Commodity CFDs allow you to trade in commodities without buying them. Some of the options include agriculture, metals and oil.

Trading crypto currencies CFDs

Some brokers offer CFDs for famous crypto currencies like Ethereum and bitcoin. While the crypto currency is a volatile market, you can benefit from CFD trading since you do not have to own the currency. You only need to predict a rise or fall in crypto price to make money.

Fees for trading CFDs

If you want to start trading in the CFD market, you need to understand the costs involved.

To trade regular shares, a trader pays a commission fee to the broker, usually a percentage of the investment. The amount of commission paid varies based on the products a trader wants to trade.


The commission price charged for share CFDs is usually a fixed percentage. Brokers charge a funding cost for leveraged trades as a fee for keeping the position open through the night.


For index CFDs, the broker charges commission in the form of a spread. Since Index trading is less volatile than forex trading, the commission spread is always the amount stated. The spread can vary between 0.2 and 0.3.


Most brokers charge a spread for trading commodity CFDs, where the percentage of the spread is determined by the type of product being traded. The amount of spread charged is determined by the volatility of a commodity. For instance, oil can have spreads of up to 2.8 because it is a highly volatile market.

Forex including crypto currencies

Crypto CFD also work on spreads basis. The broker earns commission of the amount transacted. Since the crypto market is highly volatile, some brokers prefer to set a minimum spread. The spread for crypto assets is usually between 0.6 and 0.7.


While trading CFDs may seem hard at the beginning, having the right advice and a reliable broker can make the process easy even for a newbie investor. With the information in this article, your new CFD trading venture should be a worthwhile investment.